Posts Tagged 'Karroubi'

Weekly roundup

Articles and reports from the past week
“UN sanctions passed without unanimity for first time”

The UN Security Council passed a fourth round of sanctions against Iran with 12 votes in favor, 2 against by Turkey and Brazil, and 1 abstention by Lebanon. No UNSC member had voted against any of the previous 3 sanctions. The US called the sanctions the “toughest” imposed on Iran, but Iranian leaders said their nuclear program would continue (Christian Science Monitor). AFP lists the new Iranian entities and individuals targeted by the sanctions (AFP).
Despite US claims of a diplomatic victory, analysts are calling the sanctions “remarkably weak” (Race for Iran) and “ineffective (Foreign Policy), and James M. Lindsay argues that division within the UNSC makes tougher sanctions in the future unlikely (Council on Foreign Relations).

“US, Iran avoid rejecting nuclear fuel swap deal”
Despite earlier warnings that new UN sanctions would derail talks on the proposed nuclear fuel swap, Iran has indicated would continue its cooperation with Turkey and Brazil (Today’s Zaman). Unnamed diplomats had previously stated that the Vienna Group (US, Russia and France) had rejected the fuel swap proposal (AP), but US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told reports the US is prepared to meet with Iran to discuss the Iran-Turkey-Brazil agreement (Today’s Zaman).

“Iran sidesteps sanctions with shell companies, key alliances”
Jo Becker outlines some of Iran’s tactics for circumventing sanctions by using networks of shell companies (New York Times). Thomas Erdbrink and Colum Lynch write that Iran has also succeeded in building alliances with states such as Turkey, Brazil, India and Japan, though Karim Sadjadpour argues that these states will not jeopardize their relationship with the US for Iran (Washington Post).
The US has appointed a new Special Advisor for Nonproliferation and Arms Control to oversee the implementation of all UN sanctions against Iran and North Korea (US Department of State).

“Iran threatens to downgrade relations with IAEA”
As the IAEA convened a quarterly Board of Governors meeting with Iran on the agenda, Iran’s parliament announced it will draft a bill to reduce relations with the agency (The National). IAEA head Yukiya Amano recently described Iran as a “special case” for the agency (AFP).
Mark Hibbs outlines the agenda of the Board of Governors meeting (Carnegie Endowment).

“Iran one year after Ahmadinejad’s reelection”
Foreign Policy magazine provides special coverage on Iran one year after the controversial reelection of President Ahmadinejad. A series of articles assesses the Western media’s coverage of Iran’s domestic politics and the significance of the Green Movement (Foreign Policy). Meanwhile, Abbas Milani, Gary Sick, Karim Sadjadpour and Steve Inskeep discuss the impact of last year’s elections (Carnegie Endowment).
Saturday marks the one-year anniversary of the elections, but opposition leaders Mir Hussein Mousavi and Mehdi Karroubi have called off planned protests due to safety concerns (New York Times).
Trita Parsi argues that international pressure on Iran is helping the government sideline the domestic opposition (Bloomberg).

“Despite Iran opposition’s limitations, US conservatives push for regime change”

“Despite Iran opposition’s limitations, US conservatives push for regime change”
January 22-February 1, 2010
     Analysts disagree over the strength of Iran’s opposition Green Movement and its potential to bring about regime change. In recent weeks, opposition leaders such as Mir Hossein Mousavi, Mohammad Khatami and Mehdi Karroubi have each made conciliatory statements tacitly endorsing Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s presidency and shifting criticism away from Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei to other conservative clerics. While some suggest the government may be looking to resolve the domestic turmoil, Khamenei has reportedly not indicated any intention to compromise (New York Times), and the government announced that its recent executions of 2 protestors will soon be followed by 9 more (Al Jazeera).
     However, some US analysts see the Green Movement as a promising vehicle for regime change. Robert Kagan argues that regime change is now more likely than the prospect of Tehran giving up its nuclear program, and that a new government “not run by radicals with millennial visions” would be the “best nonproliferation policy”, even if they pursued nuclear weapons (Washington Post). Describing his switch from a “realist” to a neoconservative position, Richard Haass similarly argues that the West should emphasize human rights issues, open up technological and financial support to Iran’s citizens, and focus international sanctions on Iran’s leaders (Newsweek).
New York Times | Al Jazeera | Washington Post | Newsweek

Recent related posts:
“Green Movement uses language of reform but sparks hopes for revolution”