Archive for the 'Iran-UAE Relations' Category

“Iran launches new missile as US expands Gulf missile defense”

“Iran launches new missile as US expands Gulf missile defense”
January 31-February 3, 2010
     Iran’s successful launch of the Kavoshgar-3 rocket (The National) comes amid growing tension with the US, which recently deployed new missile defense systems in the Persian Gulf. New land-based Patriot installations in Kuwait, Qatar, the UAE and Bahrain are designed to intercept short-range missiles, while Aegis cruisers will defend against medium-range missiles. Unnamed US officials say the purpose of the new systems is to deter Iran, reassure Arab states, and persuade Israel to hold off on military action against Iran (New York Times).
     While US officials argue the Arab states willingly accepted the defense systems due to increasing concern over Iran’s influence, Tehran countered that it has friendly relations with its neighbors and that the new defenses were aimed to create “a sense of Iran phobia” (Reuters, Al Jazeera). Meanwhile, a US test of a long-range missile defense system ended in failure. The target missile was designed to mimic a potential strike from Iran or North Korea (Reuters (2), Global Security Newswire).
The National | New York Times | Reuters | Al Jazeera | Reuters (2) | Global Security Newswire


“Dubai crisis provides US, Abu Dhabi leverage against Iran”

“Dubai crisis provides US, Abu Dhabi leverage against Iran”
November 28-December 1, 2009
     Dubai is expected to face strong pressure to severely reduce ties with Iran as it seeks financial support from Abu Dhabi, a US ally. Western analysts believe Dubai, Iran’s largest re-export partner, provides Iran with a key route for circumventing international sanctions, but Dubai may be forced to sever those ties as conditions for obtaining bailouts from Abu Dhabi (Business Insider, Foreign Policy). Karim Sadjadpour believes that while Dubai-Iran ties will not be severed, Abu Dhabi’s increasing political clout will make it difficult for Iran to continue using Dubai to alleviate the effects of sanctions (CNBC).
Business Insider | Foreign Policy | CNBC

“GCC offering Moscow, Beijing incentives to support Iran sanctions”

“GCC offering Moscow, Beijing incentives to support Iran sanctions”
September 24-30, 2009
     Despite Russian President Dmitry Medvedev’s comment that sanctions against Iran may be “inevitable”, many US analysts are skeptical that Russia and China will endanger their commercial ties with Iran by supporting additional sanctions (Associated Press). Mark Heinrich points out that Moscow has “backpedaled” from Medvedev’s comments and calls Beijing the “toughest holdout” against sanctions, arguing that additional sanctions will be “watered down” by the two countries (Reuters). Shi Yinhong agrees that Beijing will try to dilute, rather than veto, additional sanctions. Michael Wines outlines China’s energy interests in Iran, which include an estimated $120 billion in Iranian oil and gas projects, and writes that Tehran has skillfully used its resources to maintain Chinese support in the UN (New York Times).
     Julian Borger reports that the GCC states are trying to persuade Moscow and Beijing to support sanctions by offering economic incentives. GCC advisor Sami al-Faraj indicates that the incentives may include establishing free trade arrangements, developing markets for Russian weapons, and providing oil exploration agreements and worker visas for China. However, Borger quotes an unnamed European official who is skeptical of the GCC’s ability to work cohesively (The Guardian). GCC envoys recently met with P5+1 officials to establish a more proactive role in the Iranian nuclear issue (The National, US Department of State).
Associated Press | Reuters | New York Times | The Guardian | The National | US Department of State

“Iran criticizes French base in UAE, warns of arms race”

“Iran criticizes French base in UAE, warns of arms race”
May 26 & 27, 2009
     Angelique Chrisafis writes that France’s new permanent military base in Abu Dhabi indicates France’s aims to work against Iran and develop military and commercial influence in the Middle East. Chrisafis argues the 500-troop base will “primarily send a warning message to Iran” (Guardian). Philippe Alfroy quotes an aide to President Sarkozy as saying that France is “deliberately taking a deterrent stance” against Iran. France also hopes to sell $8-11 billion of fighter jets to the UAE and develop two civil nuclear reactors (Agence France-Presse).
     Iran criticized the new base as being inconducive to regional security and warned that regional instability caused by militarism and foreign powers could lead to an arms race (Press TV). However, editorials in several Arab news sources have praised France-UAE cooperation for promoting regional stability (Gulf News). Emile Hokayem writes that France’s presence adds “a layer of international protection” in the face of a growing Iranian threat and a weakened US security umbrella (The National).
Guardian | Agence France-Presse | Press TV | Gulf News| The National