Archive for the 'Iran-Canada Relations' Category

“Canada targets nuclear smugglers, maintains hard line against Iran”

“Canada targets nuclear smugglers, maintains hard line against Iran”
September 30-October 2, 2009
     Stewart Bell reports on the Canada Border Service Agency’s efforts to prevent the smuggling of potential nuclear and missile technologies to Iran. George Webb, head of the agency’s Counter Proliferation Section, cites Canada’s close proximity and free trade of military goods with the US as one of the main reasons why smugglers are shipping dual-use and military technologies to Iran, North Korea, Syria and China through Canada. Webb estimates that roughly 10% of strategic and dual-use exports are illegitimate and that half of those are organized by state-sponsored procurers working through dummy corporations, adding that arrests are rare because suspects are difficult to track (National Post).
     Writing before last week’s P5+1-Iran talks, Campbell Clark comments that Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper has been one of Iran’s “harshest critics.” Houchang Hassan-Yari states that Ottawa is less restricted by diplomatic considerations than Washington and argues that criticism from Canada is a “sign of moral isolation” for Iran (Globe and Mail).
National Post | Globe and Mail

Related posts:
“A smuggler’s procurement of nuclear dual-use pressure transducers for Iran”

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“US renews efforts to ensure Iran runs out of yellowcake by 2010”

“US renews efforts to ensure Iran runs out of yellowcake by 2010”
July 23, 2009
     Barak Ravid reports that the US has issued a written request to 10 uranium-producing states to limit uranium exports to Iran, indicating that Iran will run out of yellowcake, a uranium concentrate used for uranium enrichment, sometime in 2010. The document—issued to Canada, Russia, Australia, the EU3, Kazakhstan, and three other unnamed countries—states that Iran’s uranium reserves are “insufficient” for maintaining the current nuclear reactor program for a sustained period of time (Haaretz). Similar efforts by the US, Canada, Australia and the EU3 to limit Iran’s access to yellowcake were reported in January. Those efforts focused on Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, both major producers of uranium (Times Online). Israel believes Venezuela and Bolivia have also supplied Iran with uranium, although the two states have denied the accusations (Associated Press).
     A February report by David Albright, Jacqueline Shire and Paul Brannan concludes that Iran is close to exhausting its supplies of yellowcake and uranium oxide. Outlining the state of production at two major uranium mines, the report states that while domestic output is insufficient for powering a civilian nuclear reactor, such as the Bushehr reactor, Iran has enough uranium for a latent nuclear weapons capability (ISIS NuclearIran). However, in March, Iran announced that 400 uranium mines had been identified nationwide and would be sufficient for meeting domestic demand for “tens of years” (IRNA).
Haaretz | Times Online | Associated Press | ISIS NuclearIran | IRNA

“A smuggler’s procurement of nuclear dual-use pressure transducers for Iran”

“A smuggler’s procurement of nuclear dual-use pressure transducers for Iran”
July 14, 2009, Case report by David Albright, Paul Brannan and Andrea Scheel
     ISIS briefly reviews the case of Mahmoud Yadegari, an Iranian-Canadian arrested in April on charges of attempting to smuggle US-manufactured nuclear dual-use components into Iran from Canada via Dubai. Yadegari is accused of buying two pressure transducers, which can be used in gas centrifuge plants, and attempting to export the items from Toronto after disguising their contents and value. It is unclear whether Yadegari or Iranian officials initiated the deal. Canadian authorities have reportedly seized over two dozen nuclear-related items in the past year and believe the UAE is the main “turntable country” through which Iran illicitly imports dual-use items. The report concludes that Iran likely seeks such items in the US before importing them through multiple turntable countries.
ISIS NuclearIran