“Despite missile cooperation, Iran and North Korea a study in contrasts”

“Despite missile cooperation, Iran and North Korea a study in contrasts”
June 12-16, 2009
     David Sanger describes the contrast between the US strategies of “overwhelming pressure” against North Korea, which is cornered and concerned primarily with survival, and diplomatic outreach toward Iran, which seeks a role as a regional power. Regarding the latter, Sanger warns that applying US strategist Dennis Ross’ “hybrid option”, which would combine diplomacy with economic pressure on Iran’s oil sector, could create more anti-US sentiment among Iranians protesting the recent election results (New York Times). US Missile Defense Agency head Patrick O’Reilly recently said that technical cooperation between Iran and North Korea has led to significant progress in the missile programs of both states (Reuters).
     In a May report on the effects of economic sanctions in combating nuclear proliferation, Matthew Levitt and Michael Jacobson write that while North Korea was successfully pressure by sanctions in 2005, Iran has circumvented “smart sanctions” targeting specific entities and the financial sector. The writers cite Iran’s use of re-export markets in the UAE and Malaysia to access Western technologies, its growing economic ties with China, and the inability of the EU and the UN to enforce and monitor the implementation of sanctions. The writers suggest that while the threat of sanctions may be effective in applying pressure on state such as Iran, the implementation of sanctions may simply lead states to develop countermeasures and alternative economic relationships rather than work toward a diplomatic solution (Jane’s).
New York Times | Reuters | Jane’s


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